Macrophytes

Macrophytes are aquatic plants that grow in or on the edge of saline and fresh water bodies. Macrophytes can be either emergent, (growing above the water line), submergent or floating. Macrophytes are an important component in both natural and constructed wetlands as they provide food and shelter for fish, aquatic invertebrates and water birds. Macrophytes also aid in the removal of nutrients from storm water runoff.

Baumea articulata has evergreen foliage Baumea articulata Baumea articulata, Jointed Twig Rush, a tall rhizomatous macrophyte that grows in standing fresh water in dams, deep swamps, lakes, creeks and drainage swales. It forms large dense swards of foliage…
Baumea rubiginosa is an evergreen macrophyte to 1metre tall Baumea rubiginosa Baumea rubiginosa is a rhizomatous macrophyte that forms dense swards of foliage. It grows in ephemeral swamps and along the margins of fresh water swamps in water 0-500mm deep. It is often found in…
Bolboscheonus fluviatilis forms large clumps to colonise shallow water Bolboscheonus fluviatilis Bolboschoenus fluviatilis, a rhizomatous perennial rush that grows in shallow fresh to brackish water along rivers, creeks, coastal swamps and drainage swales. It is particularly good at stabilizing…
Eleocharis acuta colonises shallow water in wetlands Eleocharis acuta Eleocharis acuta, Small Spike Rush, is rhizomatous macrophyte that forms dense swards to colonize shallow fresh water along the edges of dams, lagoons, drainage swales and boggy low lying areas.…
Eleocharis sphacelata, Tall Spike Rush, is a robust macrophyte for deep water. Eleocharis sphacelata Eleocharis sphacelata, Tall Spike Rush, a rhizomatous macrophyte that grows in or near still fresh water in dams, swamps, lakes, creeks and drainage swales. It forms large swards of foliage that…
Lepironia articulata - Grey Sedge Lepironia articulata Lepironia articulata, also known as Grey Sedge, is a tall tightly rhizomatous macrophyte that forms large dense swards of foliage. It grows in ephemeral swamps and the margins of fresh water swamps.…
Philydrum has yellow flowers that resemble the open mouth of a frog. Philydrum lanuginosum Philydrum lanuginosum, Wooly Frogs Mouth, named after the resemblance of its flower to that of an open frog's mouth. Philydrum is an emergent aquatic perennial that occurs along the margins of…
Phragmites australis colonises river banks and low lying river flats Phragmites australis Phragmites australis, Common Reed, is a warm season wetland grass that commonly grows along the margins of saline and brackish water lagoons, lakes, rivers and estuaries. Phragmites is a fast growing…
Schoenoplectus mucronatus grows in shallow water on the edge dams and ponds Schoenoplectus mucronatus Schoenoplectus mucronatus grows in stationary and slow running fresh water along creeks, rivers, dams and lagoons. It is a common species occurring from the coast and northern inland areas. It makes…
Schoenoplectus validus Schoenoplectus validus Schoenoplectus validus, River Club Rush, a tall rhizomatous macrophyte that grows in fresh water in dams, swamps, lakes, creeks and on the edge of brackish water in coastal rivers and lagoons, where…